Russia says talks with the US and Nato in Geneva and Brussels have failed to address its security grievances, casting doubt over the prospect of a western diplomatic push to defuse Moscow’s threat of military action against Ukraine.
Dmitry Peskov, Putin’s spokesman, told reporters that the talks had been “unsuccessful” despite “positive elements” on issues Russia did not consider central to its demands. “That’s bad,” he said.
Peskov said Russia would have the “political will” to continue talks if the west was willing to negotiate on rolling back Nato’s expansion.
Sergei Ryabkov, deputy foreign minister and Russia’s lead negotiator in the talks with the US this week, also said the discussions on the two draft treaties outlining the Russian grievances had so far run into a “dead end” because the US and its allies were only willing to consider issues such as arms control and force deployments, rather than Russia’s key requests.
“Without any clarification on whether there are any resources or any reserve of flexibility on the other side to work on these serious issues, I don’t see any grounds to sit down in the next few days, get together again and start these same discussions,” Ryabkov told television channel RTVI.
Russia has massed about 100,000 troops on Ukraine’s border in recent months and threatened “the most unpredictable and grave consequences for European security” if President Vladimir Putin’s push for security guarantees from the US does not succeed.
In opening comments to talks with Russia at the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Zbigniew Rau, Poland’s foreign minister and chair of the security organisation, warned on Thursday that “the risk of war in the OSCE area is greater than ever before in the last 30 years,” citing the Ukraine crisis.
The OSCE meeting with Moscow is the final stage of a three-part diplomatic effort to engage with the Kremlin and avoid renewed military aggression against Ukraine by Russia after the 2014 annexation of Crimea. It follows bilateral talks with the US in Geneva on Monday and a Nato-Russia summit in Brussels on Wednesday.
Russia is demanding a pledge from Nato to halt the alliance’s eastward expansion, commit to never admitting Ukraine and Georgia and to limit troop deployments in former eastern bloc countries. The demands are deemed unacceptable by western capitals.
Fresh Russian troop movements on the border with Ukraine on Wednesday were “part of the pressure” exerted by Moscow to achieve its aims, Josep Borrell, the EU’s chief diplomat, said at an informal meeting of the EU’s foreign ministers in Brest, France.
EU diplomats would use the Brest meeting to “work out the position of the European Union, decide how we are to face the crisis”, he added.
Russia has denied it is planning to invade Ukraine but has warned of a “military-technical response” if the talks fail.
“If we don’t hear constructive response to our proposals within reasonable timeframe & aggressive behaviour towards Russia continues, we’ll have to take necessary measures to ensure strategic balance and eliminate unacceptable threats to our national security,” said Russia’s OSCE ambassador Alexander Lukashevich, according to the Russian mission’s Twitter account.