Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina had survived 19 assassination attempts in four decades

Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina, one of longest serving heads of government in Asia in recent times, who turned 74 on Tuesday, has been a leader who has witnessed many ups and downs in her career including 19 assassination attempts. This would be a record of sorts.

There were two assassination attempts during the rule of Hussain Muhammad Ershad, four during the 1991-1996 BNP rule, four during the Awami League tenure in 1996-2001, four during the BNP-Jamaat government in 2001-2006, one during the military-backed caretaker government and four reported assassination attempts during the current tenure of Awami League.

During the Ershad-regime, a public rally of the eight-party alliance was to be held on 24 January 1988 at Laldighi Maidan in Chittagong, Bangladesh. An armed attack was carried on the motorcade of Sheikh Hasina while she was going to the spot from Chattogram airport.

On 10 August 1989, two Freedom Party armed men carried out an attack on the residence of Hasina at Dhanmondi, Dhaka.

On 20 February 1997, a chargesheet was filed against 16 people after seven and a half years of the murder attempt. The trial began on 5 July 2009 by the charge framing against the accused.

On 11 September 1991, gunshots were fired at Hasina while she was visiting a polling station on Green Road in Dhaka’s Dhanmondi during the by-elections of the Fourth Parliament. She narrowly escaped the shooting though bullets hit her car.

On 23 September 1994, multiple gunshots were fired aiming at the rail coach Sheikh Hasina was travelling. Numerous shots were fired at her coach, but Sheikh Hasina remained unharmed as the bullets missed the target.

Hasina was again attacked on 7 March 1995 while addressing a rally at Sheikh RusselSquare in Dhaka.

On 7 March 1996, Hasina was addressing a rally on Bangabandhu Avenue. Suddenly, gunshots were fired and bombs were hurled at her from a microbus.

As PM Hasina was scheduled to hold a rally on 22 July 2000 on a local college ground in Gopalganj’sKotalipara. On 20 July 2000, army explosives experts recovered the bombs weighing 76 kg and 40 kg adjacent to the ground.

Hasina was scheduled to inaugurate the Rupsha Bridge in Khulna, Bangladesh on 30 May 2001. Militants planted a bomb at the inauguration site. However, detectives foiled the killing plot and recovered the explosive.

On 25 September 2001, during the caretaker government, Sheikh Hasina went to Sylhet to hold a political rally. By planting a bomb there, terror group

HuJI-B planned to assassinate her.

On 4 March 2002, the motorcade of the then leader of the opposition and Awami League President Hasina came under an attack n Bangladesh’s Naogaon.

On 2 April in 2002 during the BNP-Jamaat government, miscreants opened fire on Hasina’s convoy at Gournadi in Barisal.

The 2004 grenade attack took place at a rally in front of the Awami League’s central office on Bangabandhu Avenue in Dhaka. The attack left 24 dead and more than 300 injured. Hasina narrowly survived the assassination bid.

A murder attempt was carried out on Hasina by poisoning her meal while the Awami League chief was in jail in 2006.

In 2011, an international group and some Pakistani citizens made a contract with a terrorist group in Sri Lanka and formed a suicide squad to assassinate Hasina.

In late 2014, a plot to assassinate Hasina was hatched by trained female militants.

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